Music sample

Dietrich Buxtehude  (1637-1707) - Praeludium in g minor (fragment)

Organist: Wolfgang Zerer

 

Recording by Jos van der Linden

Lutheran Church

Müller ? organ 1755
Hoofdwerk Bovenwerk
   
Prestant M 8’ Holpijp 8’
Roerfluit M 8’ Prestant (treble) 8’
Octaaf M 4’ Viola di Gamba 8’ (C-c: combined with Holpijp)
Gemshoorn M 4’ Roerfluit 4’
Quint (tr.double) M 3'           Octaaf 2’
Octaaf M 2’  
Nachthoorn M 2’ Coupler HW-BW
Mixtuur M III-V Tremulant
Tertiaan (treble) II Pitch: a’=440 Hz.
Cornet (treble) M IV Tuning: Werckmeister III
   
Pull-down pedal Wind pressure: 68mm
Compass Manuals: C-f’’’ Wind supply: horizontal reservoir (Ypma)
Compass Pedal: C-d’ M = Müller(?), 1755
History and description of the Müller(?)-organ at the ‘Evangelisch Lutherse Kerk’

The organ of the ‘Evangelisch Lutherse Kerk’ (Lutheran Church) of Alkmaar was built in 1755 by an unknown builder. The style of building of the pipework and other characteristic features point into the direction of Pieter (and Christian) Müller. Alas, the archives don’t give any information about the builder.

 

Specification of 1774
(according to Joachim Hess: ‘Dispositien van Kerk-Orgelen…’ Gouda, 1774)

 

Manuaal    

Praestant  8’  
Holpyp   8’  
Octaav  4’  
Gemshoorn  4’
Quint    3’   
Sup. Octaav   2’
Nagthoorn   2’
Tertiaan
Mixtuur
Cornet

 

[Compass : C-c’’’
Pitch: a’=415 Hz.
Mean-tone temperament
Praestant 8’ and Quint 3’ doubled in the treble]

 

Some characteristics:
The Diapason chorus (with Mixtuur and Tertiaan) is combined with a characteristic Müller-combination of Flute stops (Holpijp, Gemshoorn, Nachthoorn and a Cornet; see also: Bovenwerk, Müller-organ / Kapel Church).

 

During their activities in Alkmaar (St. Laurens’ Church / Kapel Church) the family Müller from Germany visited their own Lutheran Church. In 1762 Pieter Müller got married in the Lutheran Church of Alkmaar. Could this organ be his masterpiece (Pieter was17 years old in 1755) and/or a donation by the Müllers to their church?                                          

 

The organ-case

 

A simple but very tasteful design: a round middle tower surrounded by four curved flats and flanked by two pointed outer towers. The ornaments display the characteristics of the Rococo-style. The case is crowned by the Lutheran symbol: a swan (just landed on a clock!).

In 1806 the organ was repaired by J.C. Deytenbach from Alkmaar.

 

ca. 1875 / renovation and enlargement by L. Ypma

 

Around this year the organ-builder Lodewijk Ypma from Alkmaar enlarges the instrument. A summary of the work executed (it is interesting to compare these changes with Ypma’s activities in the Kapel Church, 6 years later):

-Addition of a Bovenwerk with five stops:
 Holpijp 8’, Prestant 8’ (treble), Viool di Gamba 8’, Salicet 4’, Roerfluit 4’.
-Pull-down pedal added
-Console displaced from the back to the side of the organ-case
-Compass (and wind-chest) extended from C-c’’’ to C-f’’’
-Organ-case made deeper, wind-chest Hoofdwerk placed lower
-Bellows replaced by a horizontal reservoir
-Mixtuur and Cornet reduced
-Tertiaan replaced by a Salicet 8’

 

The old keyboard (1755) was re-used by Ypma for the new Bovenwerk: five new keys were made
for c’’’-e’’’, the old c’’’-key became f’’’ as can be seen at the upper keyboard.

 

Specification of ca. 1875 

Hoofdwerk Bovenwerk
   
Prestant 8’ Holpijp 8’
Roerfluit 8’ Prestant (treble) 8’
Salicet 8’ Viool di Gamba 8’
Octaaf 4’ Salicet 4’
Gemshoorn 4’ Roerfluit 4’
Quint 3’  
Octaaf 2’ Tremulant
Nachthoorn 2’  
Mixtuur  
Cornet (treble)  

 

In 1936 the organ was repaired by A.J. Overdijk .

 

 

1957 / Restoration by D.A. Flentrop

 

Changes of the specification in 1957:

 

-Hoofdwerk: Salicet 8’ replaced by a Dulciaanregaal 8’(treble)
-Bovenwerk: Viool di Gamba 8’ changed into Quintadena 8’
          Salicet 4’ changed into Octaaf 2’

 

1977 / Restoration by Flentrop Orgelbouw

 

The specification of the Hoofdwerk was restored to the situation as described by Hess (1774): a new Tertiaan was made and the original composition of the Mixtuur and the Cornet was reconstructed. At the Bovenwerk the Quintadena 8’ was changed back into a Viool di Gamba 8’

 

Specification

Hoofdwerk Bovenwerk
   
Prestant M 8’ Holpijp 8’
Roerfluit M 8’ Prestant (treble) 8’
Octaaf M 4’ Viola di Gamba 8’ (C-c: combined with Holpijp)
Gemshoorn M 4’ Roerfluit 4’
Quint (tr.double) M 3'           Octaaf 2’
Octaaf M 2’  
Nachthoorn M 2’ Coupler HW-BW
Mixtuur M III-V Tremulant
Tertiaan (treble) II Pitch: a’=440 Hz.
Cornet (treble) M IV Tuning: Werckmeister III
   
Pull-down pedal Wind pressure: 68mm
Compass Manuals: C-f’’’ Wind supply: horizontal reservoir (Ypma)
Compass Pedal: C-d’ M = Müller(?), 1755

 

Apart from the Tertiaan and some ranks of the Mixtuur and Cornet all the Hoofdwerk stops are from 1755. These stops have not been restored in 1977 and have preserved their original sound character very well. Combined with its dynamic wind supply this is an inspiring instrument!

 

©Frank van Wijk, Bergen NH, April/Mei 2000

 
 
Copyright Schnitger © 2006